Introducing the pigeon, a commonly seen and often underestimated bird with a fascinating history and remarkable abilities!







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Pigeons, scientifically known as Columba livia, are a species of bird belonging to the family Columbidae. They're famous for their cooing sounds and shiny feathers. You might have seen them pecking at crumbs in parks or sitting on statues. People have known about pigeons for a long time, even using them to carry messages in the past.


Pigeons typically live for around 3 to 5 years in the wild, although some can live longer, especially if they're kept safe from predators and have plenty of food. In captivity, they can live for up to 15 years or even more with proper care. So, while they might seem like simple city birds, pigeons can actually stick around for quite a while!

Weight & Diet

Pigeons are small to medium-sized birds, usually weighing between 0.2 to 0.4 kilograms. They're not heavy, but they're not super light either!

As for their diet, pigeons are pretty flexible eaters. They'll snack on things like seeds, grains, fruits, and even small insects. You might see them pecking at crumbs on the ground or scavenging for food in parks and urban areas. They're not too picky, which is probably why they do so well in cities!

Did You Know?

  • Pigeons have an incredible ability to find their way home over long distances, even from hundreds of kilometers away.
  • Pigeons come in a wide range of colors and patterns, from common gray and white pigeons to more exotic breeds with vibrant hues like red, blue, and green.
  • Pigeons are known for their resourcefulness when it comes to building nests.
  • Unlike most birds, both male and female pigeons produce a special substance called "crop milk" to feed their chicks.